Tumor Grade Cancer

What Is Cancer?

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Cancer develops when cells start growing without control and spread into surrounding tissues. This can happen in any type of cell in any organ. Cells normally grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them, and when cells become old or damaged they die. In cancer cells this mechanism gets impaired and cells continue to grow even when they should die or when they are damaged. The resultant tumor becomes malignant, and called cancer, when these abnormal cells start to grow into surrounding tissue. Eventually, some cells will acquire the ability to travel to distant places in the body and form new tumors at these locations.  Once a cancer diagnosis is made the extent of the disease must be assessed. This is called staging. Typically stage I cancers are small and localized, stage II ones are larger but still localized. Stage III cancer has moved to lymph nodes, whereas stage IV disease means disease in distant organs. This is called metastatic cancer. Staging determines treatment options. Stage I cancer is usually curable with surgery, while the treatment of choice for stage IV cancer is systemic chemotherapy.

Peter Acs, MD, PhD – Medical Oncologist

Updated 4:30 PM ET, Monday April 23, 2018

Tree of Life

Nutronco is launching a fund that will help donate these groundbreaking nutritive products to chemotherapy patients in need. 50 to 80% of chemotherapy patients have nutritional issues according to the National Cancer Institute. Your support is crucial to the success of our mission. Make a small donation, and help make a big difference in a patient’s life. In addition to donating these vital products to someone in need, you will also help us build a company that will continue to develop and revolutionize how nutrition benefits people fighting for their health.

Tumor Grade Cancer

What Is Cancer Cachexia?

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Cancer cachexia is a multifactorial condition characterized by systemic inflammation and severe wasting of skeletal muscle, with or without wasting of adipose tissue (fat). It causes considerable morbidity and mortality in these patients. Cachexia occurs in 50–80% of cancer patients and it has been identified as an independent predictor of treatment failure and decreased survival. There are several factors that contribute to nutritional deterioration, muscle wasting and worsening weight loss in cancer patients. The process is a vicious cycle caused by weakening of the immune system, further inflammation, infection, worsening weakness, widespread metabolic changes, debilitation which collectively contribute to an increase in fatigue, poor physical function, diminished quality of life and ultimately death. Improving nutrition, rebuilding muscle mass and strength, supporting the immune system, decreasing inflammation help prevent this from happening and enables us to treat the underlying malignancy more effectively.

Peter Acs, MD, PhD – Medical Oncologist

Updated 11:00 AM ET, Tues April 17, 2018

Tumor Grade

Cancer and Xylitol

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Xylitol is a natural sugar alcohol that can be used as a food sweetener. It is permissible for cancer patients since it is not fermented by cancer like glucose, and a significantly smaller percentage is absorbed in the GI tract. Xylitol even reduces intestinal glucose absorption. Furthermore, xylitol can alleviate treatment side effects like dry mouth and mucositis. It also has antimicrobial properties especially against encapsulated organisms like Pneumococcus, and was shown to have anticancer effects in lung cancer cells. A study of lung cancer cell lines demonstrated that xylitol has a dose-dependent inhibitory effect on cell proliferation. A different study also demonstrated that xylitol has an antiproliferative effect in vitro. In this study, normal cells and oral squamous cell cancer cell lines were treated with glucose or partial substitution of glucose with xylitol. Partial substitution of glucose with xylitol resulted in decreased cell proliferation. A metabolite of xylitol, D-xylulose, further enhanced the antiproliferative activity of xylitol. In addition, there are no data to suggest that xylitol is carcinogenic or is associated with an increased risk of cancer.

Peter Acs, MD, PhD – Medical Oncologist

Updated 1:30 PM ET, Mon April 9, 2018

What Is Tumor Grade

Immune Benefits of Nucleotide Supplements

There are many health benefits to taking a nucleotide supplement, but the boost to the immune system is probably the best-documented effect. The evidence is very strong that taking nucleotide supplements strengthens the immune system. In fact, nucleotides are necessary for a healthy immune system. They support normal T-cell development, increase the activation of T lymphocytes, increase the number of Natural Killer cells, enhance polymorphonuclear phagocytosis and increase circulating levels of IgG, IgM and interferon gamma. Studies show that dietary nucleotides are necessary for optimal levels of antibodies, both in the serum and in saliva. All these add up to an enhanced resistance to cold and flu infections as well as a better ability to resist more serious microbes. Nucleotide supplementation is an important component of immunonutrition. Along with L-arginine and fatty acids, nucleotides boost the immune system in patients with various conditions resulting in shorter hospital stay, improved wound healing and decreased infections. Dietary nucleotides also improve markers of immune response to strenuous exercise and help gut mucosal defense.

Peter Acs, MD, PhD – Medical Oncologist

Updated 9:42 AM ET, Mon April 2, 2018